GOUDIMEL, Claude

(1514/20-1572)
Claude Goudimel was a French composer of sacred and secular music. His psalm settings in particular were important in the development of Protestant musical styles. Goudimel's compositional career began in Paris while he was a student at the university, and his first chansons were published there in 1549. Over the course of his life he composed more than seventy chansons. A number of these were settings of texts by Pierre de Ronsard,* whom Goudimel knew personally. In 1551 he began work as a proofreader for the Parisian publisher Nicholas du Chemin, and from 1552 to 1555 he was a partner in the business. He spent the years 1557 to 1567 in the city of Metz, a Huguenot stronghold. During this time he converted to Protestantism. Goudimel's final years were spent in Lyons. He met his death in August of 1572, a victim of the St. Bar­tholomew's Day Massacre.
Psalms were an important component of the Protestant musical tradition, es­pecially in the music of the Calvinist church. Metrical versions in the vernacular (known as the Geneva Psalter) were a staple of congregational singing, and the tunes associated with them were well known. Between 1551 and 1556 Goudimel published eight books of psalm settings (some sixty in number) in a style similar to the contemporary motet. After his conversion, he produced two complete settings of the Geneva Psalter. One comprises simple chordal settings appropri­ate for domestic singing, while the other is in a more elaborate style. The former was translated into German and published in 1573. It had a strong influence on Lutheran worship traditions.
Bibliography
P.-A. Gaillard, "Claude Goudimel," in The New Grove Dictionary ofMusic and Musi­cians, ed. Stanley Sadie, vol. 7, 1980: 578—79.
Russell E. Murray, Jr.

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

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  • Goudimel, Claude — ▪ French composer born c. 1510, Besançon, Fr. died Aug. 28?, 1572, Lyon       French composer noted for his settings of the metrical Psalms.       He worked in Besançon, Paris, Metz, and Lyon, where he was killed in the St. Bartholomew s Day… …   Universalium

  • Goudimel, Claude — (Besançon, France, c. 1510 – Lyons, 27 August 1572)    Publisher and composer of five masses, 10 motets, and three Magnificats, Goudimel’s greatest influence on sacred music is through his metrical psalm settings, particularly his polyphonic… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Claude Goudimel — (c. 1514 to 1520 – between 28 August and 31 August 1572) was a French composer, music editor and publisher, and music theorist of the Renaissance. Contents 1 …   Wikipedia

  • Goudimel — Claude Goudimel (* um 1500 in Vaison bei Avignon (auch: um 1514 in Besançon); † 24. August (auch 28. August) 1572 in Lyon) war ein französischer Komponist. Goudimel lebte in Paris, Metz, Besançon und Lyon. Er war wahrscheinlich Schüler des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Goudimel — (* um 1500 in Vaison bei Avignon (auch: um 1514 in Besançon); † 24. August (auch 28. August) 1572 in Lyon) war ein französischer Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Claude Goudimel — Claude Goudimel, né probablement à Besançon en Franche Comté entre 1514 et 1520, et mort à Lyon entre le 27 et le 31 août 1572, est un compositeur et musicologue français. Il fut maître de chapelle à Besançon. Venu à Paris vers 1549 où il p …   Wikipédia en Français

  • GOUDIMEL (C.) — GOUDIMEL CLAUDE (1520? 1572) Surtout célèbre par la mise en musique du psautier huguenot, de facture dépouillée, conforme à l’esprit du calvinisme naissant (et bien que Calvin ait été hostile à la polyphonie dans le culte divin), Goudimel occupe… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Goudimel — Claude Goudimel Claude Goudimel, compositeur du XVIe siècle, né vers 1510, probablement en Franche Comté. Il fut maître de chapelle à Besançon, puis se rendit à Rome et y fonda une école, d où sortit Palestrina. Il revint vers 1555 en France …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Goudimel — Goudimel, Claude, geb. um 1510 in der Franche Comté, war um die Mitte des 16. Jahrh. in Rom u. leitete daselbst eine Gesang u. Compositionsschule, aus welcher mehrere berühmte Tonsetzer, u.a. P. Palestrina, hervorgingen. Er wurde 1572 in der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Goudimel — Goudimel, Claude, geb. 1520 in der Franche Comté, 1572 in der Bartholomäusnacht zu Lyon ermordet, Componist; von ihm stammen mehre der schönsten Choräle der franz. Reformirten …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

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